Before the chicken, must come the egg. Or was it, before the egg, must come the chicken?

The closest answer to one of the most famous causality dilemmas, as simplified by scientist Neil deGrasse Tyson, is, “The egg—laid by a bird that was not a chicken.”

But that answer doesn’t work when it comes to ride-sharing in developing countries like India. Because if ride-sharing in developed countries is seen as an antidote to or evolution from private car ownership, in developing countries the situation is different.

In a 2017 article, Tony Hughes, MD of economic research at Moody’s Analytics, said that one ride-share vehicle could potentially replace 10 privately-owned cars, and without ride-sharing, these 10 cars would remain unused a majority of the time.