In Chengalpattu, about 70 km from the southern Indian city of Chennai, is a cluster of buildings spread over 100 acres. These house manufacturing lines, quality-control lines and other units, all set up to manufacture vaccines. This is the Integrated Vaccine Complex (IVC)—the Indian government’s one-stop solution to be self-reliant in producing vaccines to feed its national immunisation programme. A plan into which it has pumped about Rs 600 crore ($84.28 million) so far.
Only, IVC has not produced a single vaccine. In seven years.
Before we get to why, let’s go back over a decade.