The average farm size in India is 1.1 hectares. But don’t allow that number to paint a grim picture about the state of agriculture and farmers in India. The country ranks first in the production of cotton, milk and pulses globally, and second in the production of wheat, rice, sugarcane, fruits and vegetables. 

India’s low average land holding obscures the fact that 20.4 million farmers are classified as having land holdings that are semi-medium, medium and large. According to the Agriculture Census 2015-16, these land holdings represent 57.20% of the 157.8 million hectares of total land under cultivation.