Before 2015, the Indian telecom industry was rife with players—nine in all. Then Reliance Jio happened, and as data tariffs plummeted, a wave of consolidation ensued. The latest example being the merger of Vodafone India and Idea Cellular to form Vodafone Idea which concluded on 31 August. Now, the Indian telecom industry has just three major players—Reliance Jio, Airtel, and Vodafone Idea. And as the dust of consolidation settles, a curious new reality has emerged. Spectrum, once the object of bidding wars, is no longer a rare commodity. In fact, thanks to consolidation, the remaining players have it in abundance.


Shashidhar KJ

Shashidhar has been a journalist for over six years and has worked with The Times of India, The Financial Express and MediaNama, his last assignment. He is a fine bloke, and by that, I mean unusually quiet. Over the years, Shashidhar has written on several subjects. Banking, startups and technology, media, and also financial technology. He started his career on the desk at the old lady of Boribunder. At The Ken, Shashidhar works out of Mumbai and writes on telecom and financial technology. What he really wants to talk about though is his vinyl collection.

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